The United Nations deployed on a peacekeeping mission in Somalia in 1992. Their task was to bring food and aid to the drought and famine riddled country.
Operation Restore Hope
Somalia was coming out on the other side of a civil war, and its people were on the verge of starving. The United States sent over 25,000 troops to assist the UN in response.
The mission was dubbed Operation Restore Hope, and the troops were focused on offering support to the UN and providing security. On December 9, 1992, 1,800 troops landed in Mogadishu at the beginning of the mission.
The Marined hoped to restore order and peace, but the fighting continued. In 1993, 24 of the UN soldiers from Pakistan were killed.
The U.N. called for General Mohammed Farah Aidid to be arrested. Aided was the leader of one of the Somalian clans who were behind much of the fighting.
The arrest attempt ended up being fodder for Hollywood. Black Hawk Down, a 2001 movie, was based on the mission where 18 Americans died, and two UH-60s were shot down as the world watched in horror.
Battle of Mogadishu
The Battle of Mogadishu is a well-documented conflict. The battle has been the focus of books and films, including the afore mentioned Black Hawk Down. The movie shows the Delta operators, Rangers, 160th SOAR pilots, and Air Force Pararescuemen who were apart of Task Force Ranger. The film made sure to document the involvement of the 10th Mountain Division and Pakastani U.N. Peacekeepers.
President Bill Clinton decreased the amount of troops in Somalia to 4,200 and the U.N. took the lead once again on the operation. But in June 1993, Somali warlord General Mohammad Aidid attacked Pakastani U.N. peacekeepers.
In response, Clinton sent a special ops to team the region to detain Aided. However, the mission did not go quite to plan and the U.S. lost two Black Hawks, 18 soldiers, and 84 others were injured.
Super 61 crashed when it was hit by an RPG. The two pilots died and two crew shiefs had heavy injuried. The snipers survived the initial crash, but later died after defending their crash site.
Super 64 crashed defending two snipers positions, and was overrun by Somalis, all but one soldier, Michael Durant, was killed. Durant was taken prisoner. On Clinton’s orders, the U.S. left Somalia by March 25, 1994.