China's Newest Aircraft Carrier Initiates Sea Trials

 May 2, 2024

China’s maritime strength is once again on display as it launches its most advanced aircraft carrier, the Fujian.

According to Daily Mail, China initiated the inaugural sea trials for its most sophisticated aircraft carrier today, a key component of President Xi Jinping's strategy to elevate the People's Liberation Army (PLA) into a globally formidable military force.

Constructed entirely within its borders, the Fujian was first revealed in June 2022 and represents a pinnacle of indigenous Chinese design and technology in maritime warfare. This military giant, spanning 1036 feet in length and displacing 80,000 tonnes, underscores China's escalating prowess on the seas.

Advanced technology defines new Chinese carrier

The innovation aboard the Fujian extends to its full-length flight deck, which is equipped with a cutting-edge catapult-launch system. This enhances the operational capacity of its fleet, which can include up to 40 fighter jets and other aircraft such as anti-submarine helicopters and drones. This signifies China's preparedness to protect its maritime interests with considerable aerial power.

Aligning with Beijing's broader strategic ambitions, this naval expansion, including plans for a future nuclear-powered carrier, parallels other significant moves like the aggressive accumulation of gold reserves and the reduction of US Treasury bonds holdings. These actions together reflect a concerted strategy through economic and military channels in anticipation of heightened global tensions.

China’s gold reserves have increased to 2,262 tonnes, valued at approximately USD 170.4 billion, a move highlighted by experts as indicative of its strategic realignments. Concurrently, sea tests like the Fujian's are crucial for assessing the carrier's various operational systems, from propulsion to electrical, ensuring readiness for eventual active service.

Expert opinions highlight broader implications

Alexander Neill of the Pacific Forum sheds light on the broader tactical implications: "The Fujian will allow China to experiment with carrier operations at scale and pace."

Jonathan Eyal, associate director at RUSI, views these strategies under a geo-political lens:

The relentless purchases [of gold] and the sheer quantity are clear signs that this is a political project which is prioritized by the leadership in Beijing because of what they see as a looming confrontation with the United States. Of course, it's connected also to plans for a military invasion of Taiwan.

Furthermore, John Reade, chief market strategist at the World Gold Council, commented on how the sanctions against Russia's central bank have caused reconsiderations among non-aligned central banks regarding the location of their international reserves.

Last November, China demonstrated its developing air capabilities, notably featuring J-20 stealth fighter jets at the 14th China International Aviation and Aerospace Exhibition, a showcase of technological prominence akin to the U.S.'s USS Gerald Ford.

Fujian's commissioning of a pivotal military advancement

Before being fully operational, the Fujian will undergo extensive evaluations, a process anticipated to span up to a year.

This period is critical for ensuring that all technological systems operate at their peak and that the carrier can reliably fulfill its roles within the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN). A statement from PLAN echoed in China Daily highlights that the carrier is "among the most important military hardware" currently under development in the country.

The escalation of tensions around Taiwan and in the South China Sea area has been growing, a situation further complicated by China's aggressive military modernization and its implications for regional stability. These developments underscore the evolving dynamics of power in this crucial geopolitical theater.


The launch of the Fujian signifies more than just another addition to China's fleet; it represents a strategic enhancement of its naval capabilities, set against the backdrop of intensifying regional tensions and broader geopolitical strategies. This meticulously orchestrated progression from design to deployment of significant military and economic strategies reveals China's roadmap towards asserting its dominance and readiness for eventual conflicts, potentially reshaping regional power balances.

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